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Dogwood, White Cornus florida

White Dogwood - Cornus florida
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An excellent landscape choice in all four seasons. Flowers are showy in spring. Leaves turn red-purple in fall. Glossy red fruits attract winter songbirds. Likes partial shade; moist, acid, well-drained soil. Grows to 25', 25' spread. (zones 5-9)

Pricing Information

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Zones 5 - 9 Zones 5 - 9
Hardiness Zones 5 - 9
The White Dogwood can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Flowering Tree Flowering Tree
Type of tree
Flowering Trees, Ornamental Trees
25' High 25' High
Mature Height
The White Dogwood grows to be 25' feet in height.
25' Spread 25' Spread
Mature Spread
The White Dogwood has a spread of about 25' at full maturity.
Medium Growth Medium Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a medium growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
Sun
This dogwood does well in full sun, partial shade.
Various Soils Various Soils
Soil
The White Dogwood grows in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well drained, clay soils.
Rounded Shape Rounded Shape
Shape
This dogwood has rounded shape.
Attributes

This is a good tree for planting near utility lines, next to larger buildings, or near patios. It is also an excellent contrast tree when planted along with Pink or Red Dogwoods with larger evergreen backgrounds. The fruit is well-liked by songbirds.

Description

An excellent landscape choice in all four seasons. Flowers are showy in spring. Leaves turn red-purple in fall. Glossy red fruits attract winter songbirds. Likes partial shade; moist, acid, well-drained soil. Grows to 25', 25' spread. (zones 5-9)

Wildlife Value

The seed, fruit, flowers, twigs, bark and leaves are all used as food by various animals. At least 36 species of birds, including ruffed grouse, bobwhite quail and wild turkey are known to eat the fruit. Chipmunks, foxes, squirrels, skunks, rabbits, deer, beaver, black bear plus other mammals, also eat the fruit. Foliage and twigs are browsed heavily by deer and rabbits.

History/Lore/Use

Native from Massachusetts to Florida, West to Texas. Cultivated in 1731. A favorite in America for centuries, George Washington planted it at Mt. Vernon as did Thomas Jefferson at Monticello. Early Native Americans made medicinal teas from its bark and desperate Civil War doctors used this tea as a quinine substitute. The wood is extremely hard and has been used for Weaver's shuttles, chisel and maul handles, golf club heads and yokes.

Moisture

Moist, well-drained soil

Leaves

The leaves are opposite, oval or ovate, 3-6" long, and dark green.

Flower Color

White flowers

Bloom Time

April-May

Fruit Description

This tree has glossy, red fruit eaten by birds when ripened in the fall.