Viburnum Arrowwood Viburnum dentatum
A multi-stemmed, rounded shrub with creamy white late spring or early summer flowers. Leaves are lustrous, dark green in summer changing to yellow to glossy red and reddish- purple in the fall. Flowers are followed by ½" blue-black berries that ripen in early fall. This shrub provides food, cover, and nesting sites for birds, and larval food for butterflies and moths. Grows 6'-15 high with a comparable spread. Prefers well-drained soils and full sun to partial shade.Pricing Information
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Hardiness Zones 3 - 8The Viburnum Arrowwood can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Type of treeFlowering Trees, Shrubs
Mature HeightThe Viburnum Arrowwood grows to be 6' - 15' feet in height.
Mature SpreadThe Viburnum Arrowwood has a spread of about 6' - 15' at full maturity.
SunThis Viburnum Arrowwood does well in full sun, partial shade.
SoilThe Viburnum Arrowwood grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well drained, wide range, clay soils.
ShapeThis Viburnum Arrowwood has irregular, rounded shape.
It forms dense thickets and provides excellent cover and nesting sites. Birds consume the abundant fruits. It attracts Red Admiral, Eastern Comma, Question Mark butterflies and is larval plant food for the spring azure butterfly and hummingbird moth.
The arrowwood viburnum is native from New Brunswick to Minnesota, south to Georgia.The name arrowwood comes from Native Americans using the strong shoots which developed from the roots for the shafts of their arrows.
The leaves are opposite, simple, suborbicular to ovate, 2-4 1/2" long, 1-4" wide, with a coarsely toothed margin as the botanical name implies, lustrous dark green in summer, sometimes without the sheen, yellow to glossy red to reddish-purple in the fall. Fall color will vary depending upon exposure, growing conditions and genetics within the species.
White with yellow stamens create a creamy colored small flower in 2-4", flat topped clusters (cymes)
May to early June
blue to bluish black, 1/4" long, oval berries (drupes) ripening in late September through October
Rate of growth refers to the vertical increase in growth unless specified differently. Rate, as is true for size, is influenced by numerous variables such as soil, drainage, water, fertility, light, exposure, ad infinitum. The designation slow means the plant grows 12” or less per year; medium refers to 13 to 24” of growth per year; and fast to 25” or greater.Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, by Michael Dirr.