Pine, Longleaf Pinus Palustris
A beautiful and unique tree native to the southern U.S. The showy bark, open branching habit, distinctive silvery white buds during winter, and low maintenance make it an excellent choice.
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Hardiness Zones 7 - 10The Longleaf Pine can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Type of treeEvergreens
Mature HeightThe Longleaf Pine grows to be 60' - 80' feet in height.
Mature SpreadThe Longleaf Pine has a spread of about 30' - 40' at full maturity.
SunThis pine does well in full sun, partial shade.
SoilThe Longleaf Pine grows in alkaline, loamy, rich, wide range, clay soils.
ShapeThis pine has oval shape.
The Longleaf Pine is a beautiful and unique tree native to the southern United States. The showy bark, open branching habit, distinctive silvery white buds during winter, large, decorative cones, and low maintenance make it well suited for use in the home landscape as a specimen tree and street tree where space permits. It is a valuable timber tree and is often used in reclamation.
The Longleaf Pine trunk has scaly, coarse, light, orange-brown bark with upright branches forming an oval, open crown. The flexible, dark green needles are up to 18" long, and the large, spiny cones are up to 10" long and may persist on the tree for two years. For the first five to seven years, the pine stays in a tufted, grass-like stage after germination, growing slowly while the root system develops. Following the grass stage, it grows at a medium to fast rate. The inch long clusters of new growth are silver white during the winter. The roots are sensitive to disturbance during construction.
This tree provides food and cover for wildlife, including the now endangered red-cockaded woodpecker. Squirrels, quails, brown-headed nuthatches, and turkeys eat the seeds.
Drought tolerant once established.
Flexible, dark green needles are in fascicles of 3, occasionally 2. 6" - 18" long.
Dark reddish-purple, inconspicuous.
Ovoid-oblong, brown cones, 6" - 10" long, up to 5" wide at base.
Rate of growth refers to the vertical increase in growth unless specified differently. Rate, as is true for size, is influenced by numerous variables such as soil, drainage, water, fertility, light, exposure, ad infinitum. The designation slow means the plant grows 12” or less per year; medium refers to 13 to 24” of growth per year; and fast to 25” or greater.Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, by Michael Dirr.