Trees

Oak, Chinkapin Quercus muehlenbergii

A worthy specimen for larger lawns, estates, or parks. A medium to large size oak with 4"-6 1/2" glistening dark green leaves in summer turning yellow-orange to orangish-brown in fall. Produces 1" sweet acorns that mature in a single season. The acorns are at the top of the food preference list for many wildlife species. The bark is an ashy light gray that breaks into narrow, thin flakes. As this species matures, it becomes a magnificent specimen and a conversation piece. Grows 40'-50' high with a similar spread under landscaping conditions, becoming 70'-80' high in the wild. Does best in well-drained soil and adapts to many different soil types. Grow in full sun.

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Zones 4 - 7
Zones 4 - 7

Hardiness Zones: Zones 4 - 7
The Chinkapin Oak can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. VIEW MAP

Ornamental Tree
Ornamental Tree

Type of tree:
The Chinkapin Oak falls into the following type(s): Ornamental Trees, Shade Trees

40' - 50' High
40' - 50' High

Mature Height:
The Chinkapin Oak grows to be 40' - 50' feet in height.

50' - 60' Spread
50' - 60' Spread

Mature Spread:
The Chinkapin Oak has a spread of about 50' - 60' at full maturity.

Slow to Medium Growth
Slow to Medium Growth

Growth Rate:
This tree grows at a slow to medium growth rate. [More about this.]

Full Sun
Full Sun

Sun:
This oak does well in full sun.

Various Soils
Various Soils

Soil:
The Chinkapin Oak grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, wet, wide range, clay soils.

Rounded Shape
Rounded Shape

Shape:
This oak has rounded shape.

More Info
More Info

Attributes:
The Chinkapin Oak is adaptable to many soil conditions and handles alkalinity very well. As it matures it becomes a magnificent specimen and a conversation piece.

Description:
A worthy specimen for larger lawns, estates, or parks. A medium to large size oak with 4"-6 1/2" glistening dark green leaves in summer turning yellow-orange to orangish-brown in fall. Produces 1" sweet acorns that mature in a single season. The acorns are at the top of the food preference list for many wildlife species. The bark is an ashy light gray that breaks into narrow, thin flakes. As this species matures, it becomes a magnificent specimen and a conversation piece. Grows 40'-50' high with a similar spread under landscaping conditions, becoming 70'-80' high in the wild. Does best in well-drained soil and adapts to many different soil types. Grow in full sun.

Wildlife Value:
Chinkapin oak acorns are at the top of the food preference list for wild turkeys, grouse, whitetail deer, black bears, chipmunks, squirrels, and hogs. Cattle will eat the leaves.

History/Lore/Use:
The Chinkapin Oak is sometimes called yellow chestnut oak, rock oak, or yellow oak. Early pioneers used its straight wood to make thousands of miles of fences in the states of Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana. Later on the trees were used to fuel the steamships that ran from Pittsburgh to New Orleans. It was also used as railroad ties for the new railroads that crisscrossed the Midwest.

Moisture:
The Chinkapin Oak tolerates wet sites, but does best in well-drained areas that do not experience severe drought.

Leaves:
The leaves of the Chinkapin Oak are yellow-green in summer, and yellow-orange brown to brown in fall.

Flower Color:
The blooms are insignificant and brown in color.

Bloom Time:
The Chinkapin oak blooms in May and early June..

Fruit Description:
The Chinkapin Oak produces one-inch round acorns.