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Beech, European Fagus sylvatica

European Beech - Fagus sylvatica
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The European Beech is a beautiful tree year-round. The leaves are a shimmering green when unfolding, turning to a dark green in summer. Lustrous rich russet brown and golden bronze in fall. Dense, upright, oval form. Prefers moist, well-drained soil and full sun. Grows 50'-60' with a 40' spread. (Zones 4-7)

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Zones 4 - 7 Zones 4 - 7
Hardiness Zones 4 - 7
The European Beech can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Ornamental Tree Ornamental Tree
Type of tree
Ornamental Trees, Shade Trees
50' - 60' High 50' - 60' High
Mature Height
The European Beech grows to be 50' - 60' feet in height.
35' - 45' Spread 35' - 45' Spread
Mature Spread
The European Beech has a spread of about 35' - 45' at full maturity.
Slow to Medium Growth Slow to Medium Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a slow to medium growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
Sun
This beech does well in full sun.
Various Soils Various Soils
Soil
The European Beech grows in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, clay soils.
Oval Shape Oval Shape
Shape
This beech has oval shape.
Attributes

Described by many experts as the finest specimen tree available, the European Beech tree will reward the owners of large properties who plant them with year 'round beauty. The trunk is particularly handsome and the copper colored autumn leaves are unmatched for their beauty.

Description

The European Beech is a beautiful tree year-round. The leaves are a shimmering green when unfolding, turning to a dark green in summer. Lustrous rich russet brown and golden bronze in fall. Dense, upright, oval form. Prefers moist, well-drained soil and full sun. Grows 50'-60' with a 40' spread. (Zones 4-7)

Wildlife Value

Beechnuts are eaten by birds and mammals and are important food for chipmunks and squirrels.

History/Lore/Use

The European Beech tree has an unmatched place in history. The Beech nuts were food for prehistoric man and are still consumed today. The wood has been employed for centuries for both fire and furniture in Europe. Historians claim that the first written European literature was inscribed on Beech bark in Sanskrit. The English word 'book" comes from the Anglo-Saxon "boc", a derivative for the Anglo-Saxon "beece" or Beech.

Moisture

This tree prefers moist, well-drained soil, but has some drought tolerance.

Leaves

This tree has alternate leaves, simple 3 to 5 inches long, light green, copper color in autumn.

Flower Color

Light brown and pale.

Bloom Time

April-May

Fruit Description

Oval, 1/2 to 1 inch, dry, brown, edible.