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Hawthorn, Washington Crataegus phaenopyrum

Hawthorn, Washington - Crataegus phaenopyrum
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White flowers in early June start the color show. Reddish-purple leaves turn dark green, then orange, scarlet or purple. Small, glossy red fruits stay on tree into winter, and are preferred by songbirds. Grows to 25' to 30', 25' spread. (zones 4-8)

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Zones 4 - 8 Zones 4 - 8
Hardiness Zones 4 - 8
The Washington Hawthorn can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Flowering Tree Flowering Tree
Type of tree
Flowering Trees, Ornamental Trees
25' - 30' High 25' - 30' High
Mature Height
The Washington Hawthorn grows to be 25' - 30' feet in height.
25' Spread 25' Spread
Mature Spread
The Washington Hawthorn has a spread of about 25' at full maturity.
Medium Growth Medium Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a medium growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
Sun
This hawthorn does well in full sun.
Various Soils Various Soils
Soil
The Washington Hawthorn grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, wet, wide range, clay soils.
Pyramidal Shape Pyramidal Shape
Shape
This hawthorn has pyramidal shape.
Attributes

The Washington Hawthorn is a small, colorful tree that will brighten any landscape. Its pleasant display begins with reddish-purple leaves emerging in spring, then turning dark green as they are joined by a graceful display of white flowers. In autumn, the leaves turn orange, scarlet or purple. Red berries extend the colorful show into winter, often contrasting beautifully with the first winter snow. If left unpruned, its thorns make a very effective barrier.

Description

White flowers in early June start the color show. Reddish-purple leaves turn dark green, then orange, scarlet or purple. Small, glossy red fruits stay on tree into winter, and are preferred by songbirds. Grows to 25' to 30', 25' spread. (zones 4-8)

Wildlife Value

The Washington Hawthorn produces abundant fruit which are eaten by birds & mammals. It is an important nectar plant for bees.

History/Lore/Use

First noted scientifically in 1883, the tree received its name from its point of origin when introduced to Pennsylvania from Washington, becoming known as the "Washington Thorn" because of its prominent thorns.

Moisture

Drought resistant.

Leaves

This tree's leaves are reddish-purple, changing to dark green, then orange, scarlet or purple.

Flower Color

Showy white flowers

Bloom Time

Late May to early June

Fruit Description

This tree produces a bright red fruit 1/4" in diameter. Very attractive to birds, with little or no litter as a result.