Trees

Pecan Carya illinoinensis

The symmetrical pecan makes a fine ornamental and nut tree. Needs moist, well-drained loamy soil. Grows 70' to 100', 55' spread. Grown from seed. (Plant two trees for pollination) (zones 6-9)

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Zones 6 - 9
Zones 6 - 9

Hardiness Zones: Zones 6 - 9
The Pecan can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. VIEW MAP

Nut Tree
Nut Tree

Type of tree:
The Pecan falls into the following type(s): Nut Trees

70' - 100' High
70' - 100' High

Mature Height:
The Pecan grows to be 70' - 100' feet in height.

40' - 75' Spread
40' - 75' Spread

Mature Spread:
The Pecan has a spread of about 40' - 75' at full maturity.

Medium Growth
Medium Growth

Growth Rate:
This tree grows at a medium growth rate. [More about this.]

Full Sun
Full Sun

Sun:
This Pecan does well in full sun.

Various Soils
Various Soils

Soil:
The Pecan grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well drained, wet, wide range, clay soils.

Oval Shape
Oval Shape

Shape:
This Pecan has oval, rounded shape.

More Info
More Info

Attributes:
A tree for all uses, the pecan tree is the nation's most important commercial nut producer. The nuts are sweet and nutritious. It is also a shade tree, and the hard and beautiful wood is prized for furniture, flooring, and many other uses. It is the largest of the hickory genus, Carya, and offers a longevity of 300 years or more. These specific Pecan tree seedlings are grown from seed; mostly 'Elliot' or without a specific cultivar.

Description:
Open grown pecan trees have massive trunks and oval or rounded wide spreading crowns of branches that extend far down the trunk. Forest trees have a straight trunk and compact, pyramidal crowns. It bears within 6-10 years of planting. The crops of sweet nuts are abundant and contine regardless of age. It is difficult to transplant because of the long taproot it develops. (Plant multiple trees to ensure pollination) (zones 5-9)

Wildlife Value:
The nuts are favored by squirrels, deer, raccoons, foxes, wild turkeys, wood ducks, crows, blue jays, and several other bird species.

Leaves:
Pinnately compound, alternate, variable, 12"-20" long, odd number of leaflets usually 9-17, 4"-8" long, slightly toothed margins, lustrous, dark green surface.

Flower Color:
Female is yellow or greenish yellow and male is green or yellow.

Bloom Time:
early to late depending upon the variety.

Fruit Description:
Thin, 4-angled husks in clusters of 3-6 turn from yellow green to brown as they ripen. They enclose a 1 1/2"-2" long, hard, oblong, light brown to reddish brown shell with a pointed tip and rounded base. The kernel is sweet. Harvest anytime after the husks opens, but is is easier to wait until the husks are wide open and the nuts are partially dry. Pecan trees grown from seed will begin to produce nuts after about 10 years.