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Ash, White Fraxinus americana

White Ash - Fraxinus americana
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The White Ash is a handsome North American native for large properties. Exquisite fall leaf colors ranging from yellow to deep purple and maroon. Round-topped crown at maturity. Grows in deep, moist, well-drained soils and full sun. Grows to 50'-80' with a 45' spread. (Zones 4-9)

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Zones 4 - 9 Zones 4 - 9
Hardiness Zones 4 - 9
The White Ash can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Ornamental Tree Ornamental Tree
Type of tree
Ornamental Trees, Shade Trees
50' - 80' High 50' - 80' High
Mature Height
The White Ash grows to be 50' - 80' feet in height.
40' - 50' Spread 40' - 50' Spread
Mature Spread
The White Ash has a spread of about 40' - 50' at full maturity.
Medium Growth Medium Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a medium growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
Sun
This ash does well in full sun.
Various Soils Various Soils
Soil
The White Ash grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, wet, wide range soils.
Oval Shape Oval Shape
Shape
This ash has oval, pyramidal, rounded shape.
Attributes

The White Ash tree resists heat, grows rapidly and is adaptable to a wide range of soil and climate conditions. The fall foliage is spectacular and the tree is widely used for shade in parks and large landscapes.

Description

The White Ash is a handsome North American native for large properties. Exquisite fall leaf colors ranging from yellow to deep purple and maroon. Round-topped crown at maturity. Grows in deep, moist, well-drained soils and full sun. Grows to 50'-80' with a 45' spread. (Zones 4-9)

Wildlife Value

The White Ash has moderate importance to wildlife. The seeds are eaten by wood ducks, finches, and cardinals.

History/Lore/Use

The White Ash tree is famous for one of its basic wood products, the baseball bat. No other wood has the pliant, strong, yet light qualities of Ash wood. The wood is also extensively used for non-impact tool handles, furniture, hockey sticks, polo mallets, church pews and other products too varied and numerous to mention. The White Ash does not display all of the showmanship of the Maple, Walnut and Oak, but this tree has served the citizens of America well as a shade tree and a child's companion (as it has always been a favorite for swings dangling from its stately branches), while providing important raw material for thousands of uses. It is also quickly replenish able, compared to its far slower-growing hardwood cousins.

Moisture

White Ash prefers moist soil.

Leaves

The leaves from this tree are opposite, 8 to 15 inches long, 5 to 9 leaflets. Leaves are bright yellow in autumn.

Flower Color

Green to purple color and plain.

Bloom Time

Blooms in April.

Fruit Description

This trees fruit is 1 to 2 inches long. Tan in color. Attractive to birds.