The European Beech grows in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, clay soils.
Described by many experts as the finest specimen tree available, the European Beech tree will reward the owners of large properties who plant them with year 'round beauty. The trunk is particularly handsome and the copper colored autumn leaves are unmatched for their beauty.
The European Beech is a beautiful tree year-round. The leaves are a shimmering green when unfolding, turning to a dark green in summer. Lustrous rich russet brown and golden bronze in fall. Dense, upright, oval form. Prefers moist, well-drained soil and full sun. Grows 50'-60' with a 40' spread. (Zones 4-7)
Beechnuts are eaten by birds and mammals and are important food for chipmunks and squirrels.
The European Beech tree has an unmatched place in history. The Beech nuts were food for prehistoric man and are still consumed today. The wood has been employed for centuries for both fire and furniture in Europe. Historians claim that the first written European literature was inscribed on Beech bark in Sanskrit. The English word 'book" comes from the Anglo-Saxon "boc", a derivative for the Anglo-Saxon "beece" or Beech.
This tree prefers moist, well-drained soil, but has some drought tolerance.
This tree has alternate leaves, simple 3 to 5 inches long, light green, copper color in autumn.
Light brown and pale.
Oval, 1/2 to 1 inch, dry, brown, edible.