Trees

Dogwood, White Cornus florida

An excellent landscape choice in all four seasons. Flowers are showy in spring. Leaves turn red-purple in fall. Glossy red fruits attract winter songbirds. Likes partial shade; moist, acid, well-drained soil. Grows to 25', 25' spread. (zones 5-9)

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Zones 5 - 9
Zones 5 - 9

Hardiness Zones: Zones 5 - 9
The White Dogwood can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. VIEW MAP

Flowering Tree
Flowering Tree

Type of tree:
The White Dogwood falls into the following type(s): Flowering Trees, Ornamental Trees

25' High
25' High

Mature Height:
The White Dogwood grows to be 25' feet in height.

25' Spread
25' Spread

Mature Spread:
The White Dogwood has a spread of about 25' at full maturity.

Medium Growth
Medium Growth

Growth Rate:
This tree grows at a medium growth rate. [More about this.]

Full Sun
Full Sun

Sun:
This dogwood does well in full sun, partial shade.

Various Soils
Various Soils

Soil:
The White Dogwood grows in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well drained, clay soils.

Rounded Shape
Rounded Shape

Shape:
This dogwood has rounded shape.

More Info
More Info

Attributes:
This is a good tree for planting near utility lines, next to larger buildings, or near patios. It is also an excellent contrast tree when planted along with Pink or Red Dogwoods with larger evergreen backgrounds. The fruit is well-liked by songbirds.

Description:
An excellent landscape choice in all four seasons. Flowers are showy in spring. Leaves turn red-purple in fall. Glossy red fruits attract winter songbirds. Likes partial shade; moist, acid, well-drained soil. Grows to 25', 25' spread. (zones 5-9)

Wildlife Value:
The seed, fruit, flowers, twigs, bark and leaves are all used as food by various animals. At least 36 species of birds, including ruffed grouse, bobwhite quail and wild turkey are known to eat the fruit. Chipmunks, foxes, squirrels, skunks, rabbits, deer, beaver, black bear plus other mammals, also eat the fruit. Foliage and twigs are browsed heavily by deer and rabbits.

History/Lore/Use:
Native from Massachusetts to Florida, West to Texas. Cultivated in 1731. A favorite in America for centuries, George Washington planted it at Mt. Vernon as did Thomas Jefferson at Monticello. Early Native Americans made medicinal teas from its bark and desperate Civil War doctors used this tea as a quinine substitute. The wood is extremely hard and has been used for Weaver's shuttles, chisel and maul handles, golf club heads and yokes.

Moisture:
Moist, well-drained soil

Leaves:
The leaves are opposite, oval or ovate, 3-6" long, and dark green.

Flower Color:
White flowers

Bloom Time:
April-May.

Fruit Description:
This tree has glossy, red fruit eaten by birds when ripened in the fall.