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Magnolia, Cucumbertree Magnolia acuminata

Cucumbertree Magnolia - Magnolia acuminata
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Perfect, slightly fragrant greenish-yellow flowers bloom high upon the tree in May to early June with pinkish red fruit resembling a cucumber. Exceptional tree for large properties. Medium to fast growth rate. Grows 50' to 80', 40' spread. (zones 4-8)

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Zones 4 - 8 Zones 4 - 8
Hardiness Zones 4 - 8
The Cucumbertree Magnolia can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Flowering Tree Flowering Tree
Type of tree
Flowering Trees
50' - 80' High 50' - 80' High
Mature Height
The Cucumbertree Magnolia grows to be 50' - 80' feet in height.
40' Spread 40' Spread
Mature Spread
The Cucumbertree Magnolia has a spread of about 40' at full maturity.
Medium to Fast Growth Medium to Fast Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a medium to fast growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
Sun
This magnolia does well in full sun.
Various Soils Various Soils
Soil
The Cucumbertree Magnolia grows in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, wet, clay soils.
Pyramidal Shape Pyramidal Shape
Shape
This magnolia has pyramidal, upright or erect shape.
Attributes

An excellent shade tree for large expanses that grows rapidly.

Description

Perfect, slightly fragrant greenish-yellow flowers bloom high upon the tree in May to early June with pinkish red fruit resembling a cucumber. Exceptional tree for large properties. Medium to fast growth rate. Grows 50' to 80', 40' spread. (zones 4-8)

Wildlife Value

The seeds of the Cucumbertree Magnolia are eaten by several species of birds and small mammals. Grackles and blackbirds will eat the young fruit. Twigs, leaves, and buds are sometimes browsed by deer.

History/Lore/Use

The Cucumber Magnolia Tree is found in forests from New York to Georgia and west to Illinois. The first scientific observations were made in 1736 by John Clayton, one of Virginia's pioneer botanists. In the early 1800s these trees were widely exported to Europe, where they were found in the very finest gardens and landscapes. The pioneers were reputed to have used the bitters extracted from the green fruit with whisky as a fever medicine. The wood was also widely used for furniture and interior paneling.

Moisture

Can withstand some flooding and has moderate drought tolerance.

Leaves

The leaves from this tree alternate, and are simple, elliptic, 4 to 10 inches long. Yellow-green in summer, sometimes bronze in the fall.

Flower Color

Yellow-green flowers that have a tendency to blend in with the leaves.

Bloom Time

May to early June.

Fruit Description

The fruit is pinkish red fruit resembling a cucumber from which the tree derives it's name. Attractive to wildlife and leaves little or no residue on the ground.