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Apple, Stayman Winesap Malus x domestica

Apple, Stayman Winesap - Malus x domestica
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A large red apple that is the most popular winter keeper with a tart, rich, wine like flavor. This is a triploid; it cannot pollinate other apple trees. (Pollinate with Red or Yellow Delicious, Jonathan or Early Harvest) (zones 5 - 8)

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Zones 5 - 8 Zones 5 - 8
Hardiness Zones 5 - 8
The Stayman Winesap Apple can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Fruit Tree Fruit Tree
Type of tree
Fruit Trees
10' - 25' High 10' - 25' High
Mature Height
The Stayman Winesap Apple grows to be 10' - 25' feet in height.
10' - 25' Spread 10' - 25' Spread
Mature Spread
The Stayman Winesap Apple has a spread of about 10' - 25' at full maturity.
Slow Growth Slow Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a slow growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
Sun
This apple does well in full sun.
Various Soils Various Soils
Soil
The Stayman Winesap Apple grows in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well drained soils.
Oval Shape Oval Shape
Shape
This apple has oval, spreading or horizontal, upright or erect shape.
Attributes

Our standard Stayman Winesap seedlings are budded onto whole root stock; our semi-dwarf seedlings grafted onto Malling-Merton lll; and our dwarf seedlings grafted onto Malling 7A, Malling 26.

Chill hours (CU) requirement: 600-800 (Chill hours are the average hours of air temperature between 32 and 45 degrees F in a typical winter season). For best fruit production, calculate the chill unit (CU) for your growing zone to be sure it aligns with the CU requirement of this tree.

In order to ensure pollination, these trees need a compatible cultivar growing within 100 feet for standard size, 50 feet for semi-dwarf, and 20 feet for dwarf trees.

Description

A large red apple that is the most popular winter keeper with a tart, rich, wine like flavor. This is a triploid; it cannot pollinate other apple trees. (Pollinate with Red or Yellow Delicious, Jonathan, Early Harvest or a variety from a different apple family) (zones 5 - 8)

Wildlife Value

Apples are eaten by a variety of birds and mammals. The leaves and branches are browsed. The trees can be destroyed by rodents and rabbits girdling the stem or trunk. Produces nectar and/or pollen, thus providing nutrition for bees in early to late spring.

Height Variations

The standard grows to 20' - 25', semi-dwarf grows to 12' - 15', and dwarf grows to 10' in height.

Spread Variations

Standard spread grows to 25', semi-dwarf grows to 12'- 15', and dwarf grows to a 10' spread.

Moisture

This tree requires moist, well drained soil and is not drought tolerant.

Leaves

Ranging between 2"-4", these coarse-veined, dark green leaves have a toothed margin and are alternate on the twig.

Flower Color

They are generally all pink instead of white to pinkish-white, which is unusual for apple blossoms.

Bloom Time

Mid season to late mid-season bloom time. A triploid, the pollen is sterile.

Fruit Description

This apple is medium to large, round to cone shaped with a dull red color and crisp, juicy, yellowish flesh. The flavor is tart, but also rich; often described as "wine-like." Harvested in mid to late October. Standard Stayman Winesap will begin to bear in 6-10 years, the semi-dwarf in 4-6 and the dwarf in 3-4. This apple has an extremely long storage life: able to keep for six months or more if refrigerated.