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Sequoia, Giant Sequoiadendron giganteum

Sequoia, Giant - Sequoiadendron giganteum
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This majestic columnar evergreen has bluish-green needles that vary in length with 1 and 1/2" to 3" reddish-brown cones. Its rich reddish-brown trunk stands out in any landscape. Grows in many different soils, and requires full sun. Matures at 60' under cultivation in East, 90'-200' in the wild. 25'-35' spread. (Zones 6-8)

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Zones 6 - 8 Zones 6 - 8
Hardiness Zones 6 - 8
The Giant Sequoia can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Evergreen Evergreen
Type of tree
Evergreens
60' - 200' High 60' - 200' High
Mature Height
The Giant Sequoia grows to be 60' - 200' feet in height.
25' - 35' Spread 25' - 35' Spread
Mature Spread
The Giant Sequoia has a spread of about 25' - 35' at full maturity.
Medium Growth Medium Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a medium growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
Sun
This sequoia does well in full sun.
Various Soils Various Soils
Soil
The Giant Sequoia grows in acidic, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, clay soils.
Columnar Shape Columnar Shape
Shape
This sequoia has columnar, pyramidal shape.
Attributes

Giant Sequoias are well-named, being arguably the largest trees in the world. They make excellent specimen trees and buffer strips. When planted 20 feet apart, they also serve as excellent windbreaks. They are a very long-lived tree, some cultivated examples being several hundred years old.

Description

This majestic columnar evergreen has bluish green needles that vary in length with 1 and 1/2" to 3" reddish-brown cones. Its rich reddish-brown trunk stands out in any landscape. Grows in many different soils, and requires full sun. Matures at 60'-100' under cultivation in East, 90'-250' in the wild. 25'-35' spread. (Zones 6-8)

Wildlife Value

Wildlife primarily use Giant Sequoias for shelter. Mature cones are collected and stored by Douglas squirrels (chickarees), and the sequoia seedlings are eaten by chipmunks, sparrows and finches.

History/Lore/Use

From their earliest discovery, America's Redwoods have fired the imagination and the human sense of wonder as few other living things have done. The first sighting of them by Western voyagers was recorded in 1769 by a clergyman named Father Crespi, a member of a Spanish expedition, who wondered at the sight of these awesome "trees of a red color." The name Sequoia came from the Cherokee Chief Sequoyah, who was also famed for framing the alphabet of his Native American tongue. Not long after this discovery, redwoods were being harvested for their lumber, with the California Redwood providing the most useful wood. Its resistance to decay made it an ideal choice for caskets, cigar boxes, boats, and pipes. The gold rush of the 1850s also took a toll on the Redwoods and protective measures were not put into place until the 1930s. Unlike the Redwood, Sequoia wood is brittle and does not make good lumber.

Moisture

Normal moisture requirements, with no flooding and only slight drought tolerance.

Leaves

This tree has bluish-green needles, spirally arranged on the terminal leader, approximately 1/4 inch long.

Flower Color

Nondescript light brown.

Bloom Time

April-May

Fruit Description

The fruit is oval to round; 1-1/2 to 3 inches long, dry and hard, nondescript.