Trees

Hazelnut, American Corylus americana

Cooks love these easy-to-crack, small. sweet kernels. Can be used as a shrub-like landscape plant. Likes well-drained, loamy soil, full sun or light shade. Grows to 18', 12' spread. (Plant two trees for pollination) (zones 4-9)

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Zones 4 - 9
Zones 4 - 9

Hardiness Zones: Zones 4 - 9
The American Hazelnut can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. VIEW MAP

Nut Tree
Nut Tree

Type of tree:
The American Hazelnut falls into the following type(s): Nut Trees, Shrubs

15' - 18' High
15' - 18' High

Mature Height:
The American Hazelnut grows to be 15' - 18' feet in height.

10' - 12' Spread
10' - 12' Spread

Mature Spread:
The American Hazelnut has a spread of about 10' - 12' at full maturity.

Medium to Fast Growth
Medium to Fast Growth

Growth Rate:
This tree grows at a medium to fast growth rate. [More about this.]

Full Sun
Full Sun

Sun:
This hazelnut does well in full sun, partial shade.

Various Soils
Various Soils

Soil:
The American Hazelnut grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well drained, wide range, clay soils.

Rounded Shape
Rounded Shape

Shape:
This hazelnut has rounded shape.

More Info
More Info

Attributes:
The American filbert or hazelnut is a native of the eastern United States. The tasty nuts are highly prized by people and wildlife, Filbert hedges can be used as windbreaks, visual screens, and to attract wildlife. Trees grown from seed will begin to produce nuts after around 8 years.

Description:
The American Filbert is a multi-stemmed shrub with a rounded top and an open, often wide-spreading base. Because of its size, it is adapts well to naturalizing and other nonformal areas. It bears annual, abundant crops of small, sweet tasting nuts. It will bear in 2-3 years after planting. The nuts are easy to crack and drop free of the husk when mature. (Plant multiple trees with the same flowering time to ensure pollination) (zone 4-9)

Wildlife Value:
The nuts produced by American hazelnut are a preferred by squirrels, deer, turkey, woodpeckers, pheasants, grouse, quail, and jay. The male catkins are a food staple of ruffed grouse throughout the winter.

Leaves:
Simple, alternate, 2 1/2"-6" long, dark green surface.

Flower Color:
Female is red and male is yellowish brown

Bloom Time:
Mid-winter to early spring.

Fruit Description:
The downy, deeply cut and notched, 1" involucre in clusters of 2-6 encloses a 1/2", slightly flattened, thick, smooth, brown shell with a sweet, round kernel. Harvest from September to October.