Trees

Hickory, Shellbark Carya laciniosa

An attractive, high-branching tree. Large brown sweet nuts. Likes moist soil. Grows 60' to 80', 40' spread. (Self-pollinating) (zones 5-8)

Try this tree in your yard:

Get Pricing Info

click icons for more information.  Show All | Hide All

Zones 5 - 8
Zones 5 - 8

Hardiness Zones: Zones 5 - 8
The Shellbark Hickory can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. VIEW MAP

Nut Tree
Nut Tree

Type of tree:
The Shellbark Hickory falls into the following type(s): Nut Trees

60' - 80' High
60' - 80' High

Mature Height:
The Shellbark Hickory grows to be 60' - 80' feet in height.

40' Spread
40' Spread

Mature Spread:
The Shellbark Hickory has a spread of about 40' at full maturity.

Slow Growth
Slow Growth

Growth Rate:
This tree grows at a slow growth rate. [More about this.]

Full Sun
Full Sun

Sun:
This hickory does well in full sun.

Various Soils
Various Soils

Soil:
The Shellbark Hickory grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, wet, clay soils.

Oval Shape
Oval Shape

Shape:
This hickory has oval, rounded shape.

More Info
More Info

Attributes:
A native of moist bottomlands and floodplains of the United States, the Shellbark Hickory's wood is hard and strong, and its nut is prized for its sweetness. A tough and sturdy tree, it has a life span of 80 or more years. Trees grown from seed will bear large brown sweet nuts in 10-12 years. The large nut is a wildlife favorite.

Description:
The Shellbark Hickory is a high branching tree with a straight, slender trunk, and a narrow, oblong crown. It is sturdy, tree with shaggy bark. The nuts are large and sweet. The tree will bear nuts in 10-12 years and bears annually although generally not heavily. (Self-fertile) zones 5-8)

Wildlife Value:
The leaves of the Shellbark Hickory are eaten by deer and other browsers while the nuts are consumed by deer, bear, foxes, rabbits, squirrels, chipmunks, wild turkey, and other animals. Produces nectar and/or pollen, thus providing nutrition for bees in early to late spring.

Leaves:
Pinnately compound, 5-9 leaflets, 10"-24" long, dark yellow-green on top.

Flower Color:
Greenish

Bloom Time:
Spring.

Fruit Description:
Large, oval, 1/4" thick husk covers a hard, light brown shell, 1 3/4"-2 1/2" with 4-6 "ribs." The large kernel is sweet. Harvest in fall.