Replanting our Nation’s Forests

Causes of Forest Fires

Replanting our majestic national forests

Wildfires can be ignited by a variety of occurrences. In addition to lightning, human-related activities start a large number of fires every year. Unattended or out-of-control campfires, a discarded burning cigarette, arson, or even equipment use can set off a blaze.

Once a forest fire has started, many factors contribute to its spread and intensity.

  • Fuel – such as leaves, needles, grass, branches, and logs
  • Weather, including temperature, humidity, precipitation, and wind
  • Topography, or landscape of the area, as steep slopes offer greater potential for increased fire intensity and more obstacles for fire fighting.

More than 83% of forest fires in 2006 were started by human activities, accounting for the burning of nearly 4.4 million acres. However, lightning-caused fires burned more total area – nearly 5.5 million acres. *

* Source: National Interagency Fire Center

Causes | Effects | Fighting Fires
Historical Information | Insects and Disease

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