Sources for More Information
Bulletin #15: How to Recognize–and Prevent–Hazard Trees
Some excellent publications are available that expand on the material presented in Bulletin No. 15. Here are two books that we recommend:
A Photographic Guide to the Evaluation of Hazard Trees in Urban Areasby Nelda P. Matheny and James R. Clark
This is a very thorough treatment of a very important topic. This 72-page book is well illustrated and presented in a style that is easy to understand. Evaluation methods and forms are included, and a description of structural failure histories for over 100 species and cultivars. Available fromP.O. Box 3129Champaign, IL 61826-3129
Tree Risk Managementby E. Thomas Smiley, Bruce R. Fraedrich and Neil Hendrickson.
50 pages with illustrations. This how-to publication includes the results of research that can be used in helping to decide if decaying trees are still safe, or more likely to fail. Available fromBartlett Tree Research Laboratories13768 Hamilton RoadCharlotte, NC 28278704-588-1150
Probably no other single individual has done as much research and public education about understanding tree decay and hazards as the late Dr. Alex Shigo, former chief scientist and project leader with the USDA Forest Service. His various publications and other materials are now available online. Of particular interest here is his leaflet, Tree Hazards–13 Questions That Could Save a Life. For more information, please visit
Tree Risk Assessment–What We Know and What We Don’t Know is an excellent article by Nelda Matheny and Jim Clark that appeared in the February, 2000 Arborist News. Fortunately, it is also provided online by the International Society of Arboriculture.
Risk Assessment Course and Exam
The Pacific Northwest Chapter of the International Society of Arboriculture has been a leader in providing arborists with extra training in tree risk assessment. Those who successfully complete a course offered by the chapter several times each year receive certification for this special activity and are listed at the chapter’s website.
Call 1-888-448-7337 Monday–Friday 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM CST
Tree City USA is an Arbor Day Foundation program in cooperation with: