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Arbor Day Farm HazelnutCorylus spp.

  • Arbor Day Farm Hazelnut - Corylus sp.
  • Arbor Day Farm Hazelnut - Corylus sp.
  • Arbor Day Farm Hazelnut - Corylus sp.
  • Arbor Day Farm Hazelnut - Corylus sp.

Hybrid hazelnuts from Arbor Day Farm combine the characteristics of two North American native species—American and beaked—and the European hazel. Originally crossbred in Minnesota, these shrubs will likely produce sweet, tasty nuts in approximately 4-5 years. Hazelnut shrubs also have a high wildlife value providing food, nesting and hiding cover for many birds and mammals.

If considering Arbor Day Farm hazelnuts (or any hazelnut for that matter), be sure you have a bit of space, as you’ll want to plant 2–3 shrubs to ensure a good nut crop.


Hardiness Zones

The arbor day farm hazelnut can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–9. View Map

Tree Type

This is a nut-producing shrub, yielding nuts for human and wildlife consumption.

Mature Size

The Arbor Day Farm hazelnut grows to a height of 10–15' and a spread of about 10' at maturity.

Growth Speed Medium to Fast Growth Rate

This shrub grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year.

Sun Preference

Full sun is the ideal condition for this shrub, meaning it should get at least 6 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

The Arbor Day Farm hazelnut grows in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well-drained and clay soils. Avoid heavy clay, shallow hardpan or marshy soils.

Attributes

This shrub:
  • Yields light brown to rich chestnut brown hazelnuts that typically grow in bunches of 2–3 and range in size from ¼–¾" in diameter.
  • Will begin producing nuts in approximately 4–5 years, with an average yield of 7 pounds of hazelnuts per well-established plant.
  • Produces small, red female flowers and greenish-tan male catkins on the same plant (but it is not self-fertile).
  • Grows in a rounded shape.
  • Takes on a dense, multi-stemmed form.
  • Should be planted in multiples (2 or 3) to ensure cross-pollination by wind.

Wildlife Value

The nuts are a favorite food with squirrels, deer, wild turkeys, pheasants, grouse, blue jays and others. The shrub provides nesting and cover for many birds and mammals. Bats use hazelnut bushes for daytime roosting.

History/Lore

These hybrids were initially developed in Minnesota. Research continues at Arbor Day Farm and across the country to find the best hybrid traits, efficient harvesting methods, and reliable commercial markets that will allow the Arbor Day Farm hazelnut to become a viable large-scale agricultural crop.