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Singleleaf Pinyon PinePinus monophylla

  • Northern Red Oak - Quercus rubra

This disease-resistant tree is a fine choice for home or woodlot within its zone. It tolerates drought and many soil types, and a shorter mature height means this pine works well under utility lines. In Nevada, this tree is recognized as one of the state trees of Nevada (the other is the bristlecone pine).

The singleleaf pinyon pine also produces edible pine nuts that are delicious raw or toasted.

Hardiness Zones

The singleleaf pinyon pine can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 6–8. View Map

Tree Type

This is an evergreen tree, keeping its foliage year-round.

Mature Size

The singleleaf pinyon pine grows to a height of 25–50' and a spread of 20–40' at maturity

Growth Speed Slow Growth Rate

This tree grows at a slow rate, with height increases of less than 12" per year.

Sun Preference

Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least 6 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

The singleleaf pinyon pine grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, sandy, silty loam, well-drained and clay soils. It is drought-tolerant.


This tree:
  • Is disease-resistant.
  • Features single blue-green needles that persist throughout the year.
  • Produces red and yellow blooms in the spring.
  • Yields small brown pine nuts that can be eaten either raw or toasted.
  • Grows in a pyramidal, rounded shape.
  • Is a good choice for dry soil.

Wildlife Value

Squirrels, woodrats and many birds enjoy pinyon nuts. Pinyon jays, in particular, fly in large flocks from tree to tree, feasting upon whatever pinyon nuts they find.