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Spruce, White Picea glauca

White Spruce - Picea glauca
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A straight, tall tree easily recognized by its needles. Cones always hang down. Beautiful year-round color. Tolerates most soil conditions. Grows to 60'; 15' spread. (zones 2-6)

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Zones 2 - 6 Zones 2 - 6
Hardiness Zones 2 - 6
The White Spruce can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Evergreen Evergreen
Type of tree
Evergreens
40' - 60' High 40' - 60' High
Mature Height
The White Spruce grows to be 40' - 60' feet in height.
10' - 20' Spread 10' - 20' Spread
Mature Spread
The White Spruce has a spread of about 10' - 20' at full maturity.
Medium Growth Medium Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a medium growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
Sun
This spruce does well in full sun.
Various Soils Various Soils
Soil
The White Spruce grows in acidic, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, clay soils.
Columnar Shape Columnar Shape
Shape
This spruce has columnar, pyramidal shape.
Description

A straight, tall tree easily recognized by its needles. Cones always hang down. Beautiful year-round color. Tolerates most soil conditions. Grows to 60'; 15' spread. (zones 2-6)

Wildlife Value

White spruces are very important evergreens. Besides providing nesting sites and shelter, white spruces provide food for many kinds of wildlife. Crossbills, evening grosbeaks and red-breasted nuthatches prefer the seeds. The foliage is eaten by grouse, rabbits and deer. Red squirrels cut open cones to eat the seeds, and they feast upon young, tender spruce shoots. The bark is enjoyed by both porcupines and black bears, sometimes to the detriment of the trees.