Plum, Mexican Prunus mexicana
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Hardiness Zones 6 - 8The Mexican Plum can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Type of treeFlowering Trees, Ornamental Trees
Mature HeightThe Mexican Plum grows to be 15' - 30' feet in height.
Mature SpreadThe Mexican Plum has a spread of about 20' - 25' at full maturity.
SunThis plum does well in full sun.
SoilThe Mexican Plum grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, silty loam, well drained, wide range, clay soils.
ShapeThis plum has rounded shape.
The Mexican Plum has beautiful fragrant white blooms and is a good tree for residential landscapes. It makes a nice understory tree with somewhat thorny branches.
Mexican Plum should be grown in full sun or partial shade on well-drained, rich soil but will tolerate almost any soil. It is quite drought-tolerant once established. This small tree is well suited for residential landscapes, and is especially popular in Texas. It might be best to locate the tree back from the edge of a patio, deck or walk since the fruits can be a little messy for a short period in the summer or early fall. Planted in the lawn or in a bed of low-growing ground cover, fruits drop unnoticed and are of no concern. The tree can be a `show stopper' when it is in bloom. It makes a nice tree for planting near power lines due to its small size.
The fruits of the Mexican Plum are eaten by several species of bird. The tree itself provides nesting sites and materials for birds, also. Its blossoms provide food for insects such as bees.
The roots of the Mexican Plum have been used as rootstock for commercial plum production in the past.
The Mexican Plum tolerates wet sites, but does best in well-drained areas that do not experience severe drought.
The leaves of the Mexican Plum are green in summer and showy orange in the fall.
The blooms of the Mexican Plum are white and quite showy.
The Mexican Plum blooms in February and March.
The Mexican Plum produces a small, showy red fruit.
Rate of growth refers to the vertical increase in growth unless specified differently. Rate, as is true for size, is influenced by numerous variables such as soil, drainage, water, fertility, light, exposure, ad infinitum. The designation slow means the plant grows 12” or less per year; medium refers to 13 to 24” of growth per year; and fast to 25” or greater.Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, by Michael Dirr.