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Cherry, Purpleleaf Sand Prunus x cistena

Cherry, Purpleleaf Sand - Prunus x cistena
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Valued for its reddish-purple foliage, fragrant white and pink spring flowers, and purple-black fruit. Tolerates many soils, requires full sun to light shade to maintain foliage color. Grows 7' to 10' with smaller spread. (zones 3-7)

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Zones 3 - 7 Zones 3 - 7
Hardiness Zones 3 - 7
The Purpleleaf Sand Cherry can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Flowering Tree Flowering Tree
Type of tree
Flowering Trees, Ornamental Trees
7' - 10' High 7' - 10' High
Mature Height
The Purpleleaf Sand Cherry grows to be 7' - 10' feet in height.
5' - 7' Spread 5' - 7' Spread
Mature Spread
The Purpleleaf Sand Cherry has a spread of about 5' - 7' at full maturity.
Medium to Fast Growth Medium to Fast Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a medium to fast growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
Sun
This cherry does well in full sun, partial shade.
Various Soils Various Soils
Soil
The Purpleleaf Sand Cherry grows in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, wide range, clay soils.
Rounded Shape Rounded Shape
Shape
This cherry has rounded shape.
Attributes

This is a very hardy flowering landscape specimen with reddish-purple foliage all summer. It is an excellent contrast tree that can also be used as a deciduous hedge. It can be planted close to paved surfaces and near utility lines and is winter hardy. Our Purpleleaf Sand seedlings are grown from seed or cuttings.

Description

Valued for its reddish-purple foliage, fragrant white and pink spring flowers, and purple-black fruit. Tolerates many soils, requires full sun to light shade to maintain foliage color. Grows 7' to 10' with smaller spread. (zones 3-7)

Wildlife Value

The Purpleleaf Sandcherry is an important source of food for many small birds and mammals including robins, cardinals, and coyotes. Birds nest in its branches.

History/Lore/Use

A cross between Prunus pumila and Prunus cerasifera 'Atropurpurea' developed by Dr. N. E. Hanson of South Dakota State University in 1910. The parents of this hybrid are native to Western Asia and Caucasia (P. cerasifera) and the northeastern United States (P. pumila). Prunus is the Latin name for plum, and cistena comes from the Sioux word for baby. The fruit is used for making jams, jellies, and pie.

Moisture

This tree requires moist, well drained soil and is not drought tolerant.

Leaves

Simple, alternate,intense reddish-purple color all summer.

Flower Color

Fragrant light pink to white flowers.

Bloom Time

Late April to early May.

Fruit Description

Small, sour, black-purple in color, and sparse in quantity.