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Elder American Sambucus Canadensis

Elder American - Sambucus Canadensis
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A fast-growing shrub that can be used as a border that will provide an incredible flowering display. Summer blooms are 6"-10" wide clusters of small, star-shaped yellowish-white flowers that accent the dark green leaves. Edible dark purple berries follow the flowers and provide food for dozens of bird species and other wildlife. Prune regularly to maintain its multi-stemmed form. Can be pruned into a single-stemmed small tree. Plant multiple shrubs for best fruiting. Likes moist to wet soils, but can tolerate some drought conditions. Plant in area with full sun or partial shade. Grows 5'-12" high, 5-12' wide.

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Zones 4 - 9 Zones 4 - 9
Hardiness Zones 4 - 9
The Elder American can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Shrub Shrub
Type of tree
Shrubs
5' - 12' High 5' - 12' High
Mature Height
The Elder American grows to be 5' - 12' feet in height.
5' - 12' Spread 5' - 12' Spread
Mature Spread
The Elder American has a spread of about 5' - 12' at full maturity.
Fast Growth Fast Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a fast growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
Sun
This Elder American does well in full sun, partial shade.
Various Soils Various Soils
Soil
The Elder American grows in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well drained, wet, wide range, clay soils.
rounded Shape rounded Shape
Shape
This Elder American has rounded shape.
Description

A fast-growing shrub that can be used as a border that will provide an incredible flowering display. Summer blooms are 6"-10" wide clusters of small, star-shaped yellowish-white flowers that accent the dark green leaves. Edible dark purple berries follow the flowers and provide food for dozens of bird species and other wildlife. Prune regularly to maintain its multi-stemmed form. Can be pruned into a single-stemmed small tree. Plant multiple shrubs for best fruiting. Likes moist to wet soils, but can tolerate some drought conditions. Plant in area with full sun or partial shade. Grows 5'-12" high, 5-12' wide.

Wildlife Value

Edible dark purple berries follow the flowers and provide food for dozens of bird species and other wildlife.

Moisture

moist to wet soils

Flower Color

6"-10" wide clusters of small, star-shaped yellowish-white flowers

Bloom Time

summer