Beech, European Fagus sylvatica
The European Beech is a beautiful tree year-round. The leaves are a shimmering green when unfolding, turning to a dark green in summer. Lustrous rich russet brown and golden bronze in fall. Dense, upright, oval form. Prefers moist, well-drained soil and full sun. Grows 50'-60' with a 40' spread. (Zones 4-7)Pricing Information
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Hardiness Zones 4 - 7The European Beech can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Type of treeOrnamental Trees, Shade Trees
Mature HeightThe European Beech grows to be 50' - 60' feet in height.
Mature SpreadThe European Beech has a spread of about 35' - 45' at full maturity.
SunThis beech does well in full sun.
SoilThe European Beech grows in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, clay soils.
ShapeThis beech has oval shape.
Described by many experts as the finest specimen tree available, the European Beech tree will reward the owners of large properties who plant them with year 'round beauty. The trunk is particularly handsome and the copper colored autumn leaves are unmatched for their beauty.
The European Beech is a beautiful tree year-round. The leaves are a shimmering green when unfolding, turning to a dark green in summer. Lustrous rich russet brown and golden bronze in fall. Dense, upright, oval form. Prefers moist, well-drained soil and full sun. Grows 50'-60' with a 40' spread. (Zones 4-7)
Beechnuts are eaten by birds and mammals and are important food for chipmunks and squirrels.
The European Beech tree has an unmatched place in history. The Beech nuts were food for prehistoric man and are still consumed today. The wood has been employed for centuries for both fire and furniture in Europe. Historians claim that the first written European literature was inscribed on Beech bark in Sanskrit. The English word 'book" comes from the Anglo-Saxon "boc", a derivative for the Anglo-Saxon "beece" or Beech.
This tree prefers moist, well-drained soil, but has some drought tolerance.
This tree has alternate leaves, simple 3 to 5 inches long, light green, copper color in autumn.
Light brown and pale.
Oval, 1/2 to 1 inch, dry, brown, edible.
Rate of growth refers to the vertical increase in growth unless specified differently. Rate, as is true for size, is influenced by numerous variables such as soil, drainage, water, fertility, light, exposure, ad infinitum. The designation slow means the plant grows 12” or less per year; medium refers to 13 to 24” of growth per year; and fast to 25” or greater.Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, by Michael Dirr.